New in Sweden

SOCIAL SECURITY NUMBER

Personnummer

If you are new in Sweden then the first thing you must to do is to register yourself with swedish tax authority ‘Skatteverket’ to get your social security number also called as personal identity number or personnummer. As an EU/EEA-citizen you are entitled to live, work and study in Sweden with or without a personnummer.

It is a 12-digit number issued by Skatteverket to the persons registered in Sweden when they are convinced that you can support yourself and your family during the first year of your stay.

Personnummer is not only required to be a part of the social security and health care systems in Sweden, which is otherwise quite expensive to arrange through private insurance companies, but is often used as identification proof at all government offices, banks, insurances, subscriptions, collection of postal items at the post office etc.

 

Take

all these into consideration

  • Employment contract(s),
  • Proof of savings ex. Bank statement.
  • Number of members in the family
  • Place of residence(must be in Sweden). You can NOT apply for a personnummer while still living abroad. Neither is a holiday address enough. You must have a residential address in Sweden.
  • You need to go in person (all the persons in the family) to an office of Skatteverket to apply for a personnummer.
  • A legal ID-certificate, preferably a passport for every person applying.

Identification card

Swedish ID card

Once you have received your Social Security number, you need to book an appointment with Swedish tax authority-Skatteverket to apply for a Swedish ID card.

Anyone who is at least 13 years old and registered for population purposes in Sweden may apply to the Swedish Tax Agency for Swedish ID card. You must be able to identify yourself, in other words prove who you are, with approved ID documentation or via an attester.

Opening of a

bank account

General requirements:

In order to open a bank account, you must always be able to identify yourself.

  • You can identify yourself with a valid Swedish identification document, such as a passport, a national identity card or a BankID. You can also identify yourself with a Swedish driving license.
  • If you do not have Swedish identification documents, you can identify yourself with a valid foreign passport or other photo identification document that clearly shows your citizenship and is issued by an authority or some other authorised issuer. Note that the bank may request that you also present other documents.
  • If you do not have any valid identity documents, you must be able to prove who you are and your citizenship by means of other documents issued by a competent authority.

Student

bank account

Specific requirements:

If you are a foreign student and willing to open a bank account, you must also be able to identify yourself like all others. In addition, you need

  • A residence permit or a visa (does not apply to EU citizens).
  • An admission decision confirmation from your university, showing the duration of your studies.

 

 

 

In certain cases, the bank may still refuse to open an account, if:

  • The bank is not satisfied with the identity document submitted.
  • The bank determines that the reason given by you to open an account is inadequate.
  • The bank, by opening an account, would be in breach of a legal regulation or directive.
  • You have previously acted dishonestly towards the bank.

Before

visiting a Bank …

  • You must be able to understand the bank’s questions as well as answer them.
  • You must also be able to understand the information that the bank gives you.
  • In case you need someone to translate for you then you should bring such a person with you while visiting the bank.
  • The bank will ask you about the source of income.
  • Your account and other bank services must not be used by anyone else unless an agreement for this is held with the bank.
  • The bank may ask you additional questions or stipulate other requirements.

How to get a

driving License

In case you have a driving license issued by any EU country then it is valid throughout your stay in Sweden. You can even exchange your driving license with a Swedish license if you have permanent residence(PR).

A driving license which is issued by any non-EEA country (excluding Switzerland and Japan) is valid for maximum one year in Sweden. It cannot be exchanged with a Swedish license. So if you want to continue driving in Sweden you must avail a swedish driving licence. For which you will have to complete the risk education, theoritical and practical driving exam.

For more details, please visit: https://www.transportstyrelsen.se/en/road/Driving-licences/

Steps to Get a license

  • Apply for a learning permit
  • Start your driving practice
  • Study the theory of driving
  • Take the risk training – riskutbildning
  • Book a time for a driving test.

Looking

for work in Sweden

The Swedish Public Employment Service (Arbetsförmedlingen) offers support to people looking for work. You can register either online using your Bank-ID or by personally visiting the nearest Arbetsförmedlingen office. Apart from arbetrsförmedlingen, there are many other privately run job websites like LinkedIn, Indeed, etc. commonly used to find a job in Sweden. These websites usually include job listings and functions where you can upload your CV.

Swedish education system

school admissions

Swedish preschools emphasises the importance of play in child’s developement. There is a great  focus on basic values and individual needs such as playing together, tolerance and being considerate for others. Preschool is provided for children aged 1 to 5 years.

The year your child turns 6, he or she can participate in a non-compulsory preschool class (sexårsverksamhet) designed to help children meet future classmates and prepare for primary school without the stress of heavy studies or homework. Swedish compulsory schooling is divided ino four stages: förskoleklass (‘preschool year’ or year 0), lågstadiet (years 1–3), mellanstadiet (years 4–6) and högstadiet (years 7–9).

From the ages of 7 to 16, all children in Sweden are required to attend the compulsory school (grundskola), where they are taught a core group of basic subjects. Families of children between ages six and thirteen are also offered out-of-school care before and after school hours called fritids.

Although preschools and after-school care are paid services, but from the age of 6 years all schooling in Sweden is free of charge and one hot meal during the day is also included. However if you want your child to study in private schools then private and international schools do exist in sweden and there is usually a fee for such schools.

pregnancy, child birth and related matters

CHILD BIRTH AND MATERNITY CARE

Parental Leave

(Föräldraledighet)

In Sweden, a parent is entitled to take parental leave of up to 240 days individually(total 480days for both parents) until their child is 8 years old in order to take care of them. During the leave, parents are entitled to get a fixed allowance from State Insurance Authority(Försäkringskassan) in accordance with the law. The allowance paid may vary depending upon your job situation in Sweden for eg. If you were working or not before childbirth.

You can read about it in detail at: www.forsakringskassan.se.

Parental

allowance

Parental benefit/allowance is the money you receive to be able to be at home with your child instead of working, seeking work, or studying after childbirth. Both the parents are granted 480 days of leave per child in total(240 days each). 390 of these days are income-based and 90 days are at the minimum level. If you were working in Sweden during the pregnancy or at the time of childbirth, then you might get up to 80% of your salary as parental allowance otherwise a fixed minimum amount decided by the government will be paid. It is not your employer who bears the cost of your parent benefit but it is the Swedish Social Insurance Agency (Försäkringskassan) who pays it.

Mother and child care

Maternity Clinics

The maternity clinic (barnmorskemottagningen) is primary health care facility for pregnant women which are responsible for women’s health care throughout the pregnancy and for child’s health care before, during and after birth. Visits to the government maternity clinics are free, but not in case of private care.

Child

Health Care Centre

At the child health centre or barnavårdscentralen (BVC), you can get tips about your child’s development, breastfeeding, food and illnesses. When you come home after childbirth, you can contact the child health centre to make an appointment for a first meeting. The first meeting is often held at home. At the meeting, the nurse tells you about the child health centre and looks to see how your baby is doing.

Child

Care Allowance (Barnbidrag)

Children who are born in Sweden or started living in Sweden before their first birthday are entitled to receive child allowance starting from one month after their birth. The allowance is paid to both parents until the child turns 16.

Register

with Försäkringskassan

You need to register with Försäkringskassan (the Swedish Social Insurance Agency) to qualify for various benefits for eg. child care allowance, unemployment benefit, parental benefit, etc. Read more at www.forsakringskassan.se

HEALTH CARE

Health Centre

 

You can visit your local health centre – vårdcentral. These centres provide a starting point for most medical treatments in Sweden.The staff can help you with health related matters and write referrals – remisser, which you need in order to see a specialist.

Costs

and Fees

The costs and fees for visiting a vårdcentral vary from county to county. But the costs of a visit is usually between 100 – 300 SEK and normally free for everyone under 20. Don’t forget to cancel an appointment if you don’t need it, as you will otherwise have to pay the full costs of the defaulted visit.

What

is covered?

Anyone, registered as resident in Sweden, is entitled to free dental care up to and including the 31 of December of the year you turn 23. Adults on the other hand, pay a large part of their dental care costs themselves, starting on the 1 January of the year they turn 23.

For asylum seekers and undocumented immigrants: you have the right to receive dental care free of charge until your 18th birthday.

You are, as an adult, entitled to a dental care grant of 300 or 600 SEK a year. You can save the grant for two years and use it on one occasion, but you can’t save more than two grants at the time.

Where do

I find a dentist?

You will get a list with all the dentists affiliated with the public dental service – Folktandvården.

LANGUAGE

Courses

Learn Swedish in Sweden

Depending on the location of your stay, there are different options for learning Swedish while in the country. More information at: www.sweden.se.

Folkuniversitetet offers Swedish courses at different levels.

Study associations also offer language courses and a wide range of other courses. See a list of study associations.

SFI-courses (Swedish for immigrants). Once you have become a resident in Sweden and have been issued a personal identity number (personnummer) you can contact your local municipality for information about Swedish lessons for immigrants (SFI). SFI is basic training in the Swedish language for adults who do not have Swedish as their first language. You can study SFI full-time or part-time. The training is free of charge.

UNEMPLOYMENT

Insurance

Payouts of unemployment insurance take two forms, a basic benefit or an income-related benefit. Registered yourself for A-Kassa as soon you start your work.

Unemployment insurance is not a part of the social insurance system in Sweden. Unemployment insurance is connected closely to the trade unions but is legally independent. When you start working in Sweden, investigate which unemployment insurance fund (widely known as A-Kassa) is available.

In order to receive an income-based benefit, you must have been a member of a voluntary unemployment insurance fund (A-kassa) for 12 months and have worked (been employed) for at least six months. In addition, some trade unions offer additional insurance against loss of income.

RECOGNITION OF

Higher Education Qualifications

The European Commission has devised a system known as ECTS (European Credit Transfer System) . It allows for the transfer of higher education credits between European countries. The Swedish Council for Higher Education (UHR) evaluates foreign qualifications in order to provide support for people looking for work in Sweden, people who wish to continue studying, or for employers who wish to employ someone with foreign qualifications.

Authorities

Figuring out the responsibilities of the different authorities isn’t all that easy. Who is responsible for what? Whom should you turn to with your questions, applications and concerns?

This guide gives you a brief overview of the different authorities and their main responsibilities.

  • Migrationsverket (Migration Agency)
  • Skatteverket (Tax Agency)
  • Arbetsförmedlingen (Public Employment Service)
  • Försäkringskassan (Social Insurance Agency)
  • Skolverket (National Agency for Education)
  • Jordbruksverket (Swedish Board of Agriculture)• Jordbruksverket (Swedish Board of Agriculture)
  • Tullverket (Swedish Customs)
  • Transportstyrelsen (Transport Agency) & Trafikverket (Transport Administration)
  • Transportstyrelsen (Transport Agency) & Trafikverket (Transport Administration)
  • Länsstyrelserna (the County administrative boards)
  • Landstingen (County councils)

Migrationsverket

(Migration Agency)

Migrationsverket (Migration Agency) is the authority to turn to if you want to visit, live in or seek asylum in Sweden, or if you want to become a Swedish citizen. Migrationsverket is also responsible for the settlement of certain new arrivals and decides on compensation to municipalities and counties.

Skatteverket

(Tax Agency)

Skatteverket (The Tax Agency) is in charge of tax matters but is also responsible for Sweden’s population register.  Skatteverket does your folkbokföring (registration), You can als apply for a Swedish ID card

Arbetsförmedlingen

(Public Employment Service)

Arbetsförmedlingen (the Public Employment Service) is mainly responsible for labor related issues.

Arbetsförmedlingen has three main services for Newly arrived people:

  • Nystartsjobb
  • Instegsjobb
  • Etableringspaket(for peple covered by the law 2010: 197)

Försäkringskassan

(Social Insurance Agency)

Försäkringskassan (the social insurance Agency) is in charge for the social insurance in Sweden and their main task is to ensure you get the benefits and allowances you are entitled to. The social insurance covers everyone who lives and works in Sweden.

Försäkringskassan is not always the determining authority (the one taking the actual decision whether or not you are entitled to a benefit or allowance), but is usually the one who pays out the benefits and allowances.

Newbie relevant benefits and allowances (among many):

  • Etableringsersättning(introduction supplement) Information in Swedish, English, Arabic, Dari, Tingrinja, Somali)
  • Etableringstillägg(financial supplement that can be added to the introduction supplement if you have children) Information in Swedish
  • Bostadsersättning(housing allowance)
  • Föräldraförsäkring(parental leave)

Skolverket

(National Agency for Education)

Skolverket (National Agency for Education) is the central authority for education in Sweden. They offer an English- language guide to the Swedish school system. They also process applications for teachers with foreign qualifications that wish to work in Sweden.

Jordbruksverket

(Board of Agriculture)

Jordbruksverket is in charge of agricultural and horticultural matters in Sweden. They are the authority to turn to if you want to bring your dog or cat to Sweden.

Tullverket

(Customs)

Tullverket (Customs) is charge of the flows of goods in and out of Sweden. Check with Tullverket when bringing or shipping goods in and out of Sweden. They have a guide in English especially for Newbies.

Transportstyrelsen (Transport Agency)

& Trafikverket (Transport Administration)

Transportstyrelsen and Trafikverket are in charge of everything concerning driving licenses as well as other transport- and traffic-related rules and regulations in Sweden. If you want to find out more visit their common website – körkortsportalen –

Kommunerna

(The Municipalities)

Kommunerna (the municipalities) fill an important and complex task in Sweden. They are responsible for the SFI teaching, Komvux (adult education) and samhällsorientering (social orientation). Yet, they are also responsible for the receiving and housing of Newbies covered by the law (2000: 1383), and shall, if necessary, provide practical assistance in connection with the settlement.

The municipalities are furthermore responsible for the financial support of Newbies who are not covered by law (2010:197). You belong to the municipality where you made your registration (folkbokföring).

Your municipality is in charge for:

  • SFI(Swedish teaching)
  • Komvux(Adult education)
  • Samhällsorientering(Social Orientation)
  • Education (child care, preschool, school etc.)
  • Financial support for Newbies who aren’t covered by the law (2010:197)
  • Receiving and Housing of Newbies (covered by the law 200: 1383)

Länsstyrelserna

(The County administrative boards)

Länsstyrelserna (the county administrative boards) represent the government in the county. Their task is to coordinate and supervise the work of the different actors and authorities and thereby ensure that national goals and objects are achieved. It is  Länsstyrelserna’s task to ensure that the municipalities are prepared to receive Newbies, but also help the municipalities coordinate the SFI teaching and the society orientation.

Landstingen

(The County councils)

Landstingen (the county councils) are in charge of everything concerning healthcare matters in Sweden.

Länsstyrelserna (The County administrative boards)

Länsstyrelserna (the county administrative boards) represent the government in the county. Their task is to coordinate and supervise the work of the different actors and authorities and thereby ensure that national goals and objects are achieved. It is  Länsstyrelserna’s task to ensure that the municipalities are prepared to receive Newbies, but also help the municipalities coordinate the SFI teaching and the society orientation.

Landstingen (The County councils)

Landstingen (the county councils) are in charge of everything concerning healthcare matters in Sweden.

ACCOMODATION

Finding Home

 

Perhaps you arranged temporary lodging or rented a room before arriving in Sweden and may want to move as temporary arrangements come to an end. Looking for your own place to stay can be a challenging task in larger cities such as Stockholm, Gothenburg and Malmö, where available housing remains relatively scarce.

You can rent ‘first-hand’ or ‘second-hand’ in Sweden. First-hand (första hand) means you sign an agreement with the owner of the building, while second-hand (andra hand) means you sign an agreement with someone who owns the flat or has the first-hand contract on the flat.

To get a first-hand contract, you need to register to be put on the municipal waiting list (bostadskö) and it can take anywhere from a few days in some municipalities to up to ten years for central locations in cities like Stockholm for a first-hand contract to become available.

As a new resident, you’ll probably be renting a flat from someone who sublets in a second-hand arrangement. It is extremely important to make sure that the tenant co-operation board of the building (bostadsrättsföreningen) or the landlord has signed off on second-hand leasing. If you rent a flat from a subletter who doesn’t have permission, you run the risk of being evicted (to make a long story short).

Useful websites for finding flats in cities around the country are

  • Samtrygg
  • Blocket.se
  • BostadDirekt.com
  • expatshomerental.eu

USEFULL

LINKS

Personnummer & ID card

www.skatteverket.se

Application for Swedish Language

(https://malmo.se/…/Sfi—svenska…/Sfi-intensivkurs.html)

Apartments Search

www.boplats.se

Registration for Job Search

www.arbetsförmedlingen.se

Business Registration

www.verksamt.se

Driving Test

https://www.trafikverket.se/korkort/boka-prov/

Change you EU B-Driving License

https://transportstyrelsen.se/…/ansokan-om-utbyte-av…/

Change your Taxi License

https://transportstyrelsen.se/…/taxi…/

Buy/Sell Everything

www.blocket.se

Buy Sell House

www.hemnet.se

Furniture

www.ikea.se

Residence Permit

www.migrationsverket.se

Foreign Educational Document evaluation

www.Uhr.se

Applying for Study in Sweden-English

www.universityadmisisons.se

Apply for study in Sweden-Swedish

https://www.antagning.se/se/start  https://www.utbyten.se/

PHD Search

https://www.euraxess.se/

Apply for Children’s Playgroup and School

https://malmo.se/…/Utbildning-och-forskola/Forskola.html

https://malmo.se/…/Utbildni…/Utbildningar-for-vuxna.html

Social Rights

https://www.forsakringskassan.se